Species List

WILDLIFE SPECIES LIST

 

This list correlates names used in the text of Back Country with scientific names and other common names, and attempts a broad suggestion of distribution in the area. Economy does not permit a full list of the wildlife species found in Deua and Wadbilliga National Parks but I have included many of the common and interesting or unusual species observed, and trust this form will interest those who appreciate names for things.

The list shows the name used in the text, other common names and scientific name, followed by notes on sightings and distribution.

Note that many names have changed since the 1980s and as of 2016 many other Taxa are undergoing revision. I have generally kept the old names in the text, as they are usually better known or have stayed on in common parlance as a common name. New and old names are given here.

 

Adder, death; Acanthophis antarcticus; lower forest areas

 

Angophora, rough-barked; apple, rough-barked apple; Angophora floribunda;

lower forests and valleys, very common

 

Antechinus, brown; brown marsupial mouse; Antechinus stuartii; quite

common throughout

 

__ dusky; dusky marsupial mouse; A. swainsonii;   frequent, forests and mountainous areas like Wadbilliga Plateau

 

__ yellow-footed; yellow-footed marsupial mouse; A. flavipes; drier habitats

 

Ash, blueberry; blue olive-berry; Elaeocarpus reticulatus; coastal,  damper sites

__ Jilliga; stenostoma; Eucalyptus stenostoma; rocky ridges  between the Deua and Indian Head, most common on rocky places in the Brogo, endemic

__ silvertop; black ash; E. sieberi; most common eucalypt of the area

__ Wadbilliga; E. paliformis; Wadbilliga Plateau and edge of escarpment overlooking the Brogo

__ white; E. fraxinoides; higher forests

 

Baeckia, mountain; Baeckea utilis; higher swamps and creeksides

__ alpine; B. gunniana; higher swamps and creeksides

 

Ballart, pale fruit; Exocarpos strictus; ridges overlooking the Tuross

 

Banksia, mountain; Banksia canei; high country especially with  Casuarina nana heath

 

Bandicoot, long-nosed; Perameles nasuta; relatively common

__ short-nosed; Isoodon obesulus; relatively common

 

Bauerella; Sarcomelicope simplicifolia; rainforest

 

Bettong, eastern; Gaimard’s Rat-kangaroo; Bettongia gaimardi; slight possibility near upper Deua and Woila Creek

 

Bitter-pea; Daviesia species; common in higher country

__ large; D. suaveolens; the larger species often growing near D. mimosoides

__ narrow-leaved; D. mimosoides; farms and scrub

 

Blackthorn; thornybush; Bursaria spinosa; common especially along streams

__; B. lasiocarpa; as with above but not as common

 

Blackwood; Acacia melanoxylon; common, damper gullies

 

Blanket-leaf; Bedfordia arborescens; damp and wet gullies

 

Blue bush, Bendethera; Acacia covenyi; restricted to limestone area near Bendethera, endangered

 

Blue-tongue, blotched; southern blue-tongue ; Tiliqua nigrolutea; high country, heath

 

Bolwarra; Eupomatia laurina; rainforest, Spring Mountain

 

Bottlebrush, alpine; Callistemon sieberi; yellow, along higher streams and swamps

__ dwarf river; C. subulatus; crimson, common along streams  and rivers

__ river; C. paludosus; yellow-whitish and smaller leaves, rivers

__ yellow; C. pallidus; ridges

 

Bowerbird, satin; Ptilinorhynchus violaceus; forests

 

Box, apple-topped; Eucalyptus angophoroides; occasional lower country

__ blue; E. baueriana; near Wadbilliga River

 

Bracken, hard; Pteridium esculentum; woodland and farmland

__ soft; Culcita dubia; damper gullies

 

Breynia; Breynia oblongifolia; forests

 

Broom-heath prickly; Monotoca scoparia; relatively common

 

Brownbarrel; cut-tail; Eucalyptus fastigata; damper and higher forests

 

Burrawang; Zamia palm; Macrozamia communis; near Belowra

 

Bushrat; Rattus fuscipes; relatively common, especially near habitation

 

Butcherbird, grey; Cracticus torquatus; near Wadbilliga

 

Candlebark; Eucalyptus rubida; tablelands

 

Casuarina; black she-oak; Casuarina littoralis now Allocasuarina littoralis; lower forests and woodlands

 

Cherry, native; wild cherry; Exocarpos cupressiformis; forests, relatively  common

 

Chough, white-winged; Corcorax elanorhamphos; about Deua and Wadbilliga  rivers, frequent

 

Cockatoo, yellow-tailed black; Calyptorhynchus funereus; common especially  in wattle groves

__ gang gang; Callocephalon fimbriatum; relatively common

__ glossy; Calyptorhynchus lathami; most numerous deeper in the back  country, often in casuarina groves

__ sulphur-crested; Cacatua galerita; more open country, farmland

 

Coprosma; prickly currant-bush; Coprosma quadrifida; forests and streams

 

Crowea; Crowea exalata; along Brogo River

 

Cuckoo, pallid; Cuculus pallidus; especially adjacent to clearings

 

Currawong, grey; Strepera versicolor; higher country

__ pied; S. graculina; common

 

Cut-grass; long or shiny-headed mat-rush; Lomandra longifolia; open forest and especially along streams

 

Cypress-pine; Port Jackson Pine; Callitris rhomboidea; dry slopes above Wadbilliga River

 

Daisy-bush, musk; Olearia argophylla; damp gullies

 

Dingo; Canis familiaris dingo; not sighted but likely along main  rivers, most frequent about the Great Divide

 

Dogweed; dogwood; Cassinia aculeata; damper slopes

 

Douligah; yowie, yeti?, bigfoot?, Doolagar, Wild Hairy Man; see Yowie;   not sighted

 

Duck, black; Anas superciliosa; rivers and streams, common

__ wood; maned duck; Chenonetta jubata; rivers and streams

 

Eagle, wedge-tailed; Aquila audax; commonly seen

 

Earth-star; Geastrum species; rainforest

 

Echidna; spiny anteater; Tachyglossus aculeatus; relatively common

 

Epacris; common heath; Epacris impressa; common on higher and well drained sites

 

Eucalyptus badjensis; endemic, near mountaintops, especially at head of gulleys, endangered

__ E. baeuerlenii; Baeuerlens gum;  very rare, steep slopes of Queens  Pound ridge, endangered

__ E. mannifera; brittle gum; usually in higher, poor country, and near  Canoolie and Belowra

__ E. pauciflora; White Sallee or sometimes cabbage gum;

__ E. wilcoxii; Deua gum;  endemic, very steep granite slopes on Mother Woila and through the Brogo, endangered

__ E. tereticornis; forest red gum; upper Tuross and lower valleys

__ E. smithii; gully gum; blackbutt peppermint; gullies and riversides

__ E. maidenii; Maiden’s gum; especially richer forests

__ E. cypellocarpa; monkey gum; mountain grey gum; especially damper  forests

__ E. dalrympleana; mountain gum;  higher country

__ E. viminalis; ribbon gum; manna gum; common especially along rivers

__ E. nitens; shining gum; higher forests

__ E. parvifolia now E. parvula; small-leaved gum; upper Tuross, restricted to Two  River Plain

__ E. ovata; swamp gum; higher damper sites, and near Tralfamadore

__ E. rossii; white gum; higher country

 

Everlasting; everlasting daisy; Helichrysum or Bracteantha; species common on swamps and damp places

__ golden; H. acuminatum; swampy country

__ pale; H. rutidolepis; swampy country

__; H. bracteatum now Bracteantha bracteata; drier slopes

__; H. scorpioides; damp places

 

Fantail, grey; Rhipidura fuliginosa; forests and woodlands

 

Fern, birdsnest; Asplenium australasicum; rainforest, Spring Mountain

__ filmy; Polyphlebium venosum; rainforests, on soft tree ferns

__ hard water; Blechnum wattsii; damper forest slopes, common

__ rock-felt; Pyrrosia rupestris; rainforest

__ water; Blechnum nudum; very common, especially shaded places

 

Fig, rusty; Ficus rubiginosa; damper rocky sites especially in the Brogo

__ sandpaper; F. coronata; rainforests

 

Flax-lily; Dianella tasmanica; especially higher forests

 

Fleabane; Conyza species; tall weed most common on disturbed ground

 

Flycatcher, brown; Jacky winter; Microeca leucophaea; forests and woodlands

__ satin; Myiagra cyanoleuca; forests and woodlands

 

Fox; Vulpes vulpes; common throughout

 

Friar-bird, noisy; Philemon corniculatus; rivers and streams

 

Frogmouth, tawny; Podargus strigoides; common

 

Geebung, narrow leaf; Persoonia linearis; common in lower forests

__ smooth; P. levis; mountain slopes

 

Gentianella; mountain gentian; Gentianella diemensis; higher damp places

 

Goanna; lace monitor; Varanus varius; common

 

Golden-tip; Goodia lotifolia; dampish places

 

Grass-bird, tawny; Megalurus timoriensis; woodland near Canoolie

 

Grass-tree; blackboy, blackfellers spear; Xanthorrhoea species including X. australis; drier  slopes

 

a0776-wadbilliga-qp-grevillea-irassa-subsp-didymochiton2

Grevillea, rosemary-leaf; Grevillea rosmarinifolia; higher country

__ royal; G. victoriae; rocky slopes

__ spiderflower; G. irassa; higher rocky slopes

__ startling; G. miqueliana; higher rocky slopes

__ woolly; G. lanigera; upper Tuross

 

Gum, Badja; Eucalyptus badjensis; endemic, near mountaintops, especially at head of gulleys, endangered

__ Baeuerlens; E. baeuerlenii; very rare, steep slopes of Queens  Pound ridge, endangered

__ brittle; E. mannifera; usually in higher, poor country, and near  Canoolie and Belowra

__ cabbage; probably E. pauciflora or sometimes E. dalrympleana

__ Deua; E. wilcoxii; endemic, very steep granite slopes on Mother Woila and through the Brogo, endangered

__ forest red; E. tereticornis; upper Tuross and lower valleys

__ gully; blackbutt peppermint; E. smithii; gullies and riversides

__ Maiden’s; E. maidenii; especially richer forests

__ monkey; mountain grey gum; E. cypellocarpa; especially damper  forests

__ mountain; E. dalrympleana; higher country

__ ribbon; manna gum; E. viminalis; common especially along rivers

__ ribbony: may be cabbage gum, brittle gum, river peppermint, mountain gum,  candlebark, et cetera, but usually ribbon gum

__ shining; E. nitens; higher forests

__ small-leaved; E. parvifolia now E. parvula; upper Tuross, restricted to Two

River Plain

__ swamp; E. ovata; higher damper sites, and near Tralfamadore

__ water; Tristaniopsis laurina; streams and riversides especially along the upper Brogo

__ white; E. rossii; higher country

 

Hakea; Hakea macraeana; forests

__ dagger; H. teretifolia; forests

__ finger; H. dactyloides; ridges

__ small-fruit; H. microcarpa; high forests, streams

 

Helichrysum;  everlasting; Helichrysum or Bracteantha species; higher damp places  especially swamps

 

Heron, blue; white-faced heron; Ardea novaehollandiae; rivers and streams

 

Honey-eater, Lewin; Meliphaga lewinii; coastal side of ranges

__ New Holland; Phylidonyris novaehollandiae; coastal side of ranges

__ white-eared; Lichenostomus leucotis; mountain heath

__ yellow-tufted; L. melanops; near Tuross River

 

Holly, native; Prickly shaggy pea; Podolobium ilicifolium; common in silvertop ash forests

 

Hop-bush; Dodonaea species; relatively common

 

Indigofera; Austral indigo; Indigofera australis; relatively common in  forests

 

Kangaroo, grey; Macropus giganteus; common especially in higher country

 

Kingfisher, azure; Ceyx azurea; rivers and streams

__ sacred; C. sancta; rivers and streams

 

Kookaburra, laughing; Dacelo novaeguineae common

 

Kunzea, pink; violet kunzea; Kunzea parvifolia; higher heaths

 

Kurrajong; Brachychiton populneus; relatively common especially on lower  damper slopes

 

Lawyer-vine; wait-a-while; Smilax australis; damper slopes

 

Leucopogon;  lance beard-heath; Leucopogon lanceolatus; relatively common

 

Lilli-pilli; lilly pilly; Acmena smithii; damper places often forming  rainforest

 

Lily, rock; rock orchid; Dendrobium speciosum now Dockrillia speciosum ; dampish rocky sites

 

Lomatia, holly; Lomatia ilicifolia; ridges

__ river; L. myricoides; common along rivers and streams

 

Lorikeet, rainbow; Trichoglossus haematodus; Yankees Creek

 

Lyrebird; Menura superba; forests and rainforests

 

Magpie, black-backed; Gymnorhena tibicen; common

 

Mahogany; southern mahogany, bangalay; Eucalyptus botryoides; near creeks in lower Brogo wilderness

 

Maidenhair, giant; Adiantum formosum; rainforests

__ little; A. aethiopicum; forests and damp places

 

Mallee-ash, Kybean; Eucalyptus kybeanensis; high country heath, Wadbilliga and Kydra peaks

 

Melaleuca; Melaleuca sp (aff. ericifolia); higher country above the Brogo

 

Microseris walteri; also M. spp; Yam daisy;  also nyamin, garngeg, murrnong; remnant near swampy areas

 

Mintbush; Victorian Christmas bush; Prostanthera lasianthos; thickets, common in damper places

 

Mistletoe; Amyema species; common

__ river oak; A. cambagei; only grows on river oaks

 

Mock-olive; Notelaea species; forests

__ large; N. venosa; forests

__ privet; N. ligustrina; high altitude forests

 

Mutton-wood; Rapanea howittiana; rainforests

 

Myrtle, grey; ironwood; Backhousia myrtifolia; rainforests and gullies, usually forming pure stands

 

Nettle, stinging; Urtica incisa; damper places, creeksides, the native species

 

Oak, river; Casuarina cunninghamiana; some river and streamsides

 

Olive-berry, black; Elaeocarpus holopetalus; higher rainforests and wet  gullies

 

Olsenii; Olsen’s gum; Eucalyptus olsenii; dry higher ridges and stonyplaces from Woila Creek to Wadbilliga Plateau

 

Orange-thorn; Citriobatus pauciflorus; damper places, along streams

 

Orchid, dagger; Dendrobium pugioniforme now Dockrillia pugioniforme; rainforests

__ common donkey; Diuris longifolia; higher forests

__ donkey; D. abbreviata; forests

__ greenhood; Pterostylis species; near streams

__ liparis; Liparis reflexa; higher dampish rocky sites

__ mule; (see donkey)

__ orange-blossom; Sarcochilus falcatus; rainforests

__ pencil; Dendrobium striolatum now Dockrillia striolatum; rocky sites with lichen

__ rock; D._speciosum; damper rocky sites

__ tangle; Thrixspermum tridentatum; damper places and rainforests

__ wasp; slipper orchid; Cryptostylis subulata; Wadbilliga granite

 

Owl, barking; Ninox connivens; common

__ boobook; mopoke; N. novaeseelandiae; common

__ masked; Tyto novaehollandiae; relatively common

__ powerful; Ninox strenua; Wadbilliga

 

Owlet-nightjar; Aegotheles cristatus; Wadbilliga

 

Oxylobium, alpine; Oxylobium alpestre; higher heaths

__ common; O. ellipticum; higher heaths

 

Pardelote, spotted; Pardelotus punctatus; forests with coastal aspect

 

Parrot, king; Alisterus scapularis; common

 

Passionfruit; native passion-flower; Passiflora cinnabarina; ridge above  Woila Creek

 

Pepper, mountain; Tasmannia lanceolata; higher woodland

__ T. xerophila; Badja

 

Peppermint, narrow-leaved; Eucalyptus radiata; forest and woodland especially higher country

__ river; E. elata; beside rivers and streams

 

Pigeon, brown; Macropygia amboinensis; rainforests

 

Pinkwood; eastern leatherwood, plumwood; Eucryphia moorei; rainforests,   often in pure stands, endangered

 

Pittosporum; sweet pittosporum, mock orange; Pittosporum undulatum; common in damper, lower places

 

Platypus; Ornithorhynchus anatinus; sighted in Tuross, but especially  higher rivers and streams

 

Plover, spur-winged; masked lapwing; Vanellus miles novaehollandiae;   cleared land, common

 

Pomaderris; Pomaderris species; many species common in damper gullies and rainforests

 

Poison-bush, peach-leaved; Trema aspera; rainforests, Brogo River

 

Possum, brushtail; Trichosurus vulpecula; uncommon in back country but most  common near settlement

__ greater glider; Schoinbates volans; higher country

 

Quoll, spotted-tailed; tiger cat; Dasyurus maculatus; high forest, uncommon

 

Robin, flame; Petroica phoenicea; dry forest, higher country and heaths

__ rose; P. rosea; rainforest

__ southern yellow; Eopsaltria australis; lower coastal side of back country

 

Rosella, crimson; Platycercus elegans; common

__ eastern; P. eximius; common

 

Sallee, black; Eucalyptus stellulata; higher country especially heaths and  woodland

__ narrow-leaved; E. moorei; relatively common in scrub and woodland of upper Tuross, endangered

__ white; snow gum; E. pauciflora; high country

 

Sassafras, southern; Atherosperma moschatum; streams and rainforests

 

Saw-sedge, razor; Carex species; probably C. impressa or C. gaudichaudiana; Wildflower Swamp

 

Scrubwren, large-billed; Sericornis agnirostris; very dense undergrowth

__ white-browed; S. frontalis; dense undergrowth

 

Silvereye, grey-breasted; Zosterops lateralis; forest, in flocks

 

Skink; eastern water skink; Sphenomorphus quoyii; streams and rivers in  lower country

 

Snake, black, red-bellied; Pseudochis porphyriacus; very common especially  along streams

__ brown; Pseudonaja textilis; higher country

__ copperhead; Austrelaps superba; tablelands, nana heath

__ tiger; Notechis scutatus; higher country

 

Snowgum; Eucalyptus pauciflora; common, high country

 

Sphagnum; Sphagnum cristatum; high wet places, bogs

 

Spinebill, eastern; Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris; coastal aspects of forests

 

Stenostoma; Jilliga ash; Eucalyptus stenostoma; endemic, rocky ridges between the Deua and Indian head, very common on rocky places in the Brogo

 

Stinging-tree, giant; giant nettle-tree; Dendrocnide excelsa; rainforests,   Spring Mountain

 

Stinkwood; Zieria arborescens; moister forests and gullies

 

Stringybark, blue-leaved; Eucalyptus agglomerata; common, lower forests

__ white; E. globoidea and E. eugenioides; common drier slopes

__ yellow; E. muelleriana; lower hills, common

 

Swallow, welcome; Hirundo neoxena; open country especially near water

 

Tea-tree; burgan; Kunzea ericoides; (formerly Leptospermum phylicoides);

damp places, streamsides, lignotuberous, common

__ river; Leptospermum obovatum; streamsides

__ slender; L. brevipes; near forests and streams, common

__ swamp; L. myrtifolium; higher swamps

 

Thistle, Scotch; Onopordum acanthion; weed of farmland, Robinsons Hole

__ spear; Cirsium vulgare; very common weed, widespread along  streams

 

Thornbill, brown; Acanthiza pusilla; damper forests, common

__ little; A. nana; forests and woodland

__ striated; A. lineata; forests, common

 

Thornybush includes coprosma, blackthorn, orangethorn and tree violet

 

Thrush; grey shrike-thrush; Colluricincla harmonica; forests, common

__ ground; Zoothera dauma; moister forests

 

Tree-currant; prickly currant bush; Coprosma quadrifida; forests

 

Tree-fern, hard; Cyathea australis; damp forests

__ soft; Dicksonia antarctica; rainforests

 

Tree-violet; Hymenanthera dentata; forest gullies

 

Trigger-plant; Stylidium graminifolium; silvertop forests

 

Tristaniopsis laurina; water gum; streams and riversides especially along the upper Brogo

 

Vine, lawyer; austral sarsaparilla; Smilax australis; moister places

__ pearl; big-leaf vine; Stephania japonica; rainforests

__ snake; Sarcopetalum harveyanum; rainforests

__ water; Cissus hypoglauca; rainforests

__ wonga wonga; Pandorea pandorana; forests

 

Violet, native; ivy-leaved violet; Viola hederacea; forests, especially sheltered places

__ native; purple violet; Viola betonicifolia; as above

 

Wallaby, black; swamp wallaby; Wallabia bicolor; everywhere

__ red-necked; Macropus rufogriseus; more open country, flats

 

Wallaby-bush; Beyeria lasiocarpa; lower sheltered slopes, common

 

Water-dragon, eastern; Physignathus lesueurii; bask by streams

 

Watergum; kanooka; Tristaniopsis laurina; some streamsides especially upper Brogo and upper Deua

 

Water-rat; Hydromys chrysogaster; near permanent bodies of water, the upper Shoalhaven

 

Water-vine; Cissus hypoglauca; closed wet forests

 

Wattle, Bendethera; blue bush; Acacia covenyi; endemic to Bendethera

__ black; A. mearnsii; forests, common

__ Bodalla silver; red wattle; A. silvestris; common, usually in large

stands from the Deua to the Brogo

__ Brogo; A. blayana; found only in the Brogo

__ coast myall; A. binervia; damper forests, rocky sites

__ hickory; A. falciformis; damper forests

__ Kybean; small-leaved silver; A. kybeanensis; about upper Tuross

__ mountain hickory; A. obliquinervia; damper forests

__ silver; A. dealbata; higher forests

__ the silver; A. blayana as above

__ white sallow; A. floribunda; streamsides

__ woollybear; A. lucasii; heath near Kydra

 

Wattle-bird, red; Anthochaera carunculata; common near blossom

 

Weed, Indian; Sigesbeckia orientalis; weed densely spreading from disturbed country

 

Westringia, mountain; Westringia eremicola(?); sheltered high places adjacent  to heath

 

Whipbird, eastern; Psophodes olivaceus; damper forests undergrowth

 

Whistler, golden; Pachycephala pectoralis; tall forest

 

Willow, bloody (excluded on principle)

 

Wombat; Vombatus ursinus common in less rocky places, but especially on  tablelands

 

Wood-swallow, dusky; Artamus cyanopterus; forest and woodland usually near  clearings

 

Wren, superb blue; Malurus cyaneus; lower forests, undergrowth

 

Yam daisy; Microseris walteri; also nyamin, garngeg, murrnong; remnant near swampy areas

 

Yabby; freshwater crayfish; Euastacus species; streams and rivers of the mountains

 

Yowie; Homo erectus?; not sighted